On June 23, 2015, the State Council of the People’s Republic of China issued “the Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Accelerating the Registration Reform of Consolidating Three Certificates into One Certificate.” The reform, aimed to simplify the previous bureaucratic delay and complication in business registration, has progressed and has since been implemented in China nationwide on October 1, 2015.
The so-called "Three-in-One Registration Reform" means that the business license, organization code certificate and tax registration certificate are combined into one integrated business license document: one certificate with one unified code.
The implementation of the "Three-in-One Registration” simplifies the longstanding business registration procedures, shortens the administrative processing time, facilitates a unified registration system, and is aimed to push and accelerate the continued development of the market-driven economy in China.
The stated targets of the reformation are to:
1) Simplify the required application materials. Applicants used to be required to submit the same or similar set of materials to Administration of Industry and Commerce Office, Administration of Quality and Technology Supervision Office and Tax Bureau. Now, applicants can expect to experience a one-window service, and submit only one set of application materials;
2) Reduce duplication in review process. Application materials will be mutually recognized by the above offices, and will be reviewed by one entity: Administration of Industry and Commerce Office. Other government agencies will not need to review again;
3) Reform the annual audit systems. For companies that have applied for the new business license, annual audits won’t be performed on the organization code certificates;
4) For companies that have applied for the new business license, the validity period of their organization code certificate will be made consistent with the new business license;
5) Eliminate the administrative fees associated with the previous three certificates;
The "Three-in-One Registration Reform" is expected to benefit new and existing business entities alike. Applicants only need to visit one government authority for submission of application and supporting materials. Time and transaction costs will likely be greatly reduced. One set of original application materials will improve work flow efficiency and streamline administration. The goal is to encourage investments and to link to the newly established enterprise credit system.
In the old registration system, companies are required to apply and maintain three separate certificates, which are the business license, organization code certificate and tax registration certificate. An applicant may be required to prepare and submit several sets of up to 30 supporting documents and to make at least eight trips to various government authorities to complete the required registration processes. The final registration approval would sometimes take several weeks. The implementation of "Three-in-One Registration Reform" makes the registration process much more seamless. Now, applicants can expect to make no more than two trips to a single location, and to submit one set of original application materials, which may include approximately thirteen items, half of which were previously required. The processing time has shortened to up to three days, with some locations reporting a two-day only process.
The "Three-in-One Registration Reform” is applicable to all forms of business entities except for self-employed individuals.
The reform will have a transition period. For enterprises that have already applied for the business license before the "Three-in-One Registration Reform," they should continue to use the old business license and other certificates. However, by the end of 2017, it is mandated that all enterprises must move to the new business license format with one unified code. (For certain enterprises in special industries that may have difficulties in obtaining new business licenses, the grace period is no later than 2020.)
Imagine that you’ve had great sales of your product in your home country and you attend an international trade show, where a representative of a famous company from the U.S. approaches your booth. Perhaps the rep tells you that there’s nothing like your product available in the U.S. and it’s guaranteed to be a hit. Can they represent you, the rep asks. Suddenly the potential of the U.S. market opens up and you see dollar signs everywhere. But where do you begin?
It all depends on the perceived opportunity. If a foreign enterprise wants to sell its goods in the U.S., it usually starts small and gradually increases its investment. Our next installment of the Resource for Doing Business in the U.S. describes the different approaches a business might take to sell its wares in the U.S.
- We start with the simplest of legal structures (a simple buy and sell transaction)
- We then describe the other types of structures through which such sales might occur, including distribution and sales agency relationships.
- We also highlight some of the most salient considerations to keep in mind at the outset:
- Compliance with customs;
- Anti-dumping considerations; and
- Other federal laws governing goods entering the U.S. market.
However, stay tuned for future installments of our guide, which will address other considerations and legal risks associated with entering the U.S. market to sell goods or services. This will include information on products liability laws, consumer protection laws, environmental protection laws, intellectual property laws, antitrust laws and the like. Today’s installment is merely to provide an initial introduction to the topic of selling goods in the U.S., and to provide our readers with the key points to first consider when exploring the U.S. market.
Last week, two of the 23 wards (local municipalities that form the central part of Tokyo) issued the first certificates recognizing same-sex partnerships. This is not the same thing as recognizing same-sex marriage – marriage is governed by national law, and Japan’s Family Code does not recognize same-sex marriages. These certificates, issued pursuant to ordinances in Shibuya and Setagaya wards, are not legally binding, so they can only request hospitals, landlords and other businesses to treat certificate holders as they would married couples. However, many view this as a symbolic step that will, at a minimum, trigger discussion.
The International Practice Group of Garvey Schubert Barer is a cross-disciplinary group of attorneys practicing in areas ranging from business transactions, immigration, maritime, government regulatory work, transportation and logistics, and estate planning. The group members include bilingual and multicultural attorneys who are well-versed in handling these subject matters in a cross-border context. The firm’s attorneys have been actively practicing in the international arena since the early 1970s.