As I reported previously, Oregon Measure 97 was overwhelmingly defeated by voters in the state’s general election this past November. It certainly appeared that the voters spoke loudly and clearly on November 8, 2016, when they voted to defeat the ill-designed amendments to the Oregon corporate minimum tax regime contained in Measure 97. Flaws in the legislation included:
- Measure 97 contained a corporate alternative tax based on Oregon gross receipts – a tax that has no relationship to profits.
- Measure 97 proposed a corporate alternative tax applicable only to C corporations. S corporations, entities taxed as partnerships and Oregon benefit companies would have escaped the proposed tax altogether.
- While Oregon benefit companies would have escaped the proposed tax, non-Oregon benefit companies were to be subject to the tax. As a result, Measure 97 was clearly in conflict with the Interstate Commerce Clause.
Enter Legislative Concept 3548
On February 13, 2017, Oregon Senate Finance Committee Chairman Mark Hass (D) requested that Legislative Concept 3548 (“LC 3548”) be released. LC 3548 is a legislative referendum to amend the Oregon Constitution in order to create a “Business Privilege Tax” based on gross receipts. It looks a lot like Measure 97. There are, however, some key differences, including:
- LC 3548 is not limited to C corporations. Rather, it is broader – it applies to all types of business entities.
- LC 3548 contains a tax rate, yet to be determined, that may not exceed 0.7% of gross receipts (subject to adjustment for inflation).
- LC 3548 imposes a flat tax of $250 on businesses with less than $5 million (subject to adjustment for inflation) in Oregon gross receipts.
- LC 3548 allows businesses with Oregon gross receipts less than $150,000 (subject to adjustment for inflation) to escape the tax.
- Measure 97 would have imposed a 2.5% tax on Oregon gross receipts of C corporations over $25 million. LC 3548, however, broadens the base in that it applies to all business entities, but it reduces the tax rate to no greater than 0.7% (subject to adjustment for inflation).
Still a Host of Unknowns
LC 3548 leaves a lot of unanswered questions, including:
- Is the tax rate graduated based upon levels of gross receipts above $5 million, or will it be a flat rate?
- Does LC 3548 replace the current Oregon minimum tax contained in ORS 317.090, which for C corporations ranges from $150 to $100,0001, or is it an additional tax to be imposed on businesses with Oregon-sourced income?
- Does LC 3548 apply to tax-exempt organizations?
- Is the tax to be imposed under LC 3548 a “minimum tax” or is the tax to be tacked on top of the existing income/excise tax that is imposed on Oregon businesses?
A Possible Rematch in the Works?
If LC 3548 is adopted by the Oregon legislature, it will be submitted to voters for approval or rejection at a special election on May 16, 2017. If the legislature submits the referendum to the people, I expect a fight between proponents and opponents of LC 3548 will quickly ensue. Last time, Measure 97 proponents and opponents together spent more than $42 million on their dueling campaigns surrounding the proposed legislation. I suspect a battle surrounding LC 3548 will be uglier and more costly. Stay tuned!
1. For S corporations and partnerships, Oregon currently has a flat minimum tax of $150.
Larry J. Brant is a Shareholder in Garvey Schubert Barer, a law firm based out of the Pacific Northwest, with offices in Seattle, Washington; Portland, Oregon; New York, New York; Washington, D.C.; and Beijing, China. Mr. Brant practices in the Portland office. His practice focuses on tax, tax controversy and transactions. Mr. Brant is a past Chair of the Oregon State Bar Taxation Section. He was the long term Chair of the Oregon Tax Institute, and is currently a member of the Board of Directors of the Portland Tax Forum. Mr. Brant has served as an adjunct professor, teaching corporate taxation, at Northwestern School of Law, Lewis and Clark College. He is an Expert Contributor to Thomson Reuters Checkpoint Catalyst. Mr. Brant is a Fellow in the American College of Tax Counsel. He publishes articles on numerous income tax issues, including Taxation of S Corporations, Reasonable Compensation, Circular 230, Worker Classification, IRC § 1031 Exchanges, Choice of Entity, Entity Tax Classification, and State and Local Taxation. Mr. Brant is a frequent lecturer at local, regional and national tax and business conferences for CPAs and attorneys. He was the 2015 Recipient of the Oregon State Bar Tax Section Award of Merit.
Upcoming Speaking Engagements
- "The Road Between Subchapter C and Subchapter S – It May Be a Well-Traveled Two-Way Thoroughfare, but It Isn’t Free of Potholes and Obstacles," New York University Tax Conferences in July – Advanced Conference on Subchapter SNew York NY, 7.25.19
- "Tax Law Update for Family Law Practitioners," Oregon State Bar - Family Law Section 2019 Annual ConferenceSunriver, OR, 10.10.19-10.12.19
- "The Road Between Subchapter C and Subchapter S – It May Be a Well-Traveled Two-Way Thoroughfare, but It Isn’t Free of Potholes and Obstacles," New York University 78th Institute on Federal TaxationNew York, NY, 10.20.19-10.25.19
- "Subchapter S After the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act – the Good, the Bad and the Ugly," Oregon Society of Certified Public Accountants (OSCPA) 2019 Northwest Federal Tax ConferencePortland, OR, 10.28.19
- "The Road Between Subchapter C and Subchapter S – It May Be a Well-Traveled Two-Way Thoroughfare, but It Isn’t Free of Potholes and Obstacles," New York University 78th Institute on Federal TaxationSan Francisco, CA, 11.10.19–11.15.19