The House Judiciary Committee held a hearing earlier this month to review the performance of the EB-5 Immigrant Investor Program. Congress created the EB-5 visa program in 1990 as a tool to stimulate the U.S. economy by encouraging foreign capital investments and job creation. The EB-5 program makes immigrant visas and subsequent “green cards” available to foreign nationals who invest at least $1 million in a new commercial enterprise that will create or preserve at least 10 full-time jobs in the U. S. A foreign national may invest only $500,000 if the investment is in a targeted employment area (“TEA”), defined to include certain rural areas and areas of high unemployment. A considerable amount of foreign capital invested through the EB-5 program has been invested in domestic real estate development projects.
Justice Antonin Scalia passed away last week after almost 30 years as a justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Although his impact was felt throughout the country, it is worth pausing to look at how he affected the land use system more broadly and, in particular, Oregon’s system.
Hope Rising Community Church v. Municipality of Penn Hills, 2015 WL 7220380 (W. D. Pa.) involved a growing church congregation that leased an industrial building, making $7000 in improvements and gaining $10,000 in materials and labor donated by members. The pastor claimed that the staff gave him the verbal go-ahead, but the staff denied such a conversation. When the pastor applied for an occupancy permit, it was denied and the church was ordered to stop holding services at the site. Under defendant’s code, churches are only allowed as conditional uses in residential zones, and not permitted in the Light Industrial District where Plaintiff’s site lies. Uses not permitted outright or conditionally under the code are deemed prohibited. Defendant also denied Plaintiff’s use variance application, so the only uses recognized by Defendant are clothing distribution, food bank and volunteer meetings. The church alleges its membership attendance has dropped from 85 to from between 27 and 40.
County of Westchester v US Department of Housing and Urban Development, 2015 WL 5616304 (2nd Cir.) was a challenge under the Federal Administrative Procedures Act by Plaintiff County against the Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”), a federal agency that could dispense housing funds under the Community Planning and Development Formula Grant Programs, but did so under certain conditions. This challenge was the culmination of litigation begun in 2006 by the Anti-Discrimination Center of Metro New York, which brought a Qui Tam case against Plaintiff, alleging that it had falsely certified its housing program to receive federal housing funds from 2001-06 by falsely setting out an “analysis of impediments” to fair housing (“AI”) and develop strategies to overcome the same, both of which actions are required by federal law.
We regularly update clients about changes in real estate law and on industry trends. This includes briefing clients on legislative proposals in the federal tax, housing and other legal areas affecting their businesses. Staying current enables you to anticipate and prevent legal problems as well as capitalize on new developments.