Bridge Aina Le’a v. Hawaii Land Use Commission, 2016 WL 797567 (D. Haw.) grew out of Defendant Commission’s decision to reclassify a parcel from urban to agriculture, an action that may be taken only by the state agency. Ultimately the Hawai’i Supreme Court invalidated this action. In this separate federal action claiming just compensation for a regulatory taking, Defendants Commission and its members moved for summary judgment.
Like a fly that can’t keep away from the flame, the U.S. Supreme Court has decided to add a Fifth Amendment Takings Clause case to its docket for 2016. More than 25 years have passed between the U.S. Supreme Court incursions into the use of the takings clause regarding conditions of approval in cases such as Dolan v. City of Tigard, Nollan v. California Coastal Commission, and the US Supreme Court’s 2013 decision Koontz v. St. Johns Water Management District. The Court has decided to wade back into the takings mire once again. Rather than dealing with efficacy of land use conditions, as with the issue as in Nollan, Dolan, and Koontz, this time the issue relates to the “parcel as a whole” rule.
Horne v. Department of Agriculture, No. 14-275 (June 22, 2015) was an "as applied" takings challenge to an almost 80-year old law that was enacted by Congress as part of President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal. The Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937 established a marketing system for certain products. Under the Act, Defendant U.S. Department of Agriculture required raisin growers to set aside a percentage of their crop, as determined by the Raisin Administrative Committee (RAC), whose members consist of growers and others in the raisin business and are appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture. The required “set aside” has the effect of raising raisin prices and allowing the RAC to market and otherwise dispose of the set aside raisins. There are, at times, sufficient receipts from the set aside raisins to exceed their market value; however, there are also at other times insufficient revenues to equal their market value, including the year at issue.
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